Saturday, 1 February 2014

DORZO NA?: DILIP BORKAR KHOIM ANI KITEAK CHUKTA



Borovpi
Dale Luis Menezes, Albertina Almeida, Jason Keith Fernandes, Amita Kanekar, ani R. Benedito Ferrão

Survat
Kaim mhoine fattim Kala Academy-n Romi pustokank porot puroskar divpacho nirnnoy ghetlolean, ani Romi Konknni Rajbhas Andolon ani Moratthi Rajbhasa Andolan eke machier ekttaim zalolea karonnank lagun, Gõychea Nagri lipieyechea pattlavdarank borech tras zaunk lagleat, oxem amkam disun yeta. Nagrichea muttintlean Konknni bhaxechem rajkaronn ani kobzo atam sutton vochunk lagla, hem-i ami polleun ghetlam. Ho lekh ami kherit bhaxen Dilip Borkarachea “Aplech Bhaxecho Fondd Khonnnttat!” (Gulab, Janer 2013) hacher bhasabhas korunk boroitat.
            Dilip Borkar Nagri lipient aplem choddant-chodd borovp korpi veokti. Kala Academy-chea 2013 vorsachea Tiatr spordhent tiatrachea borpavollink vo scripts-ank inama diupachea vavrant, Dilip Borkarak porikxok mhonn vichun kaddlolo. Dilip Borkaran hi sond gheun, Romi lipientlea borpavollicher aple kaim vichar manddunk tharailem. Thoddkeant sangchem mhollear Dilip Borkar hi tiatranchi borpavoll vachun niraxi zata ani apnnem kiteak mhunnon “hi vikti pidda angar oddun ghetli kai,” oso prosn korta.

            Jem Dilip Borkar aplea lekhant amkam sangunk sodta tantunt kaim novem na. Je mud’de to hattallta, te tis-challis vorsam fattim Nagrivadi porgott kortale hem ami somzun gheunk zai. Tedna zo tancho hetu aslo to aiz meren puray zalolo na. Fuddarak kednanch zavcho-i na. Dekun Dilip Borkar jem kitem boroita tem kiteak boroita ani tache fattlean tacho hetu kitem, hem ami bariksannen zanna zaunk zai.

Romi Munis ani Loz
Dilip Borkaracho poilo mud’do mhollear Romi borpavollicho dorzo vo ‘standard’. Nagri fuddareanchea mota pormonnem, Romi borpavollik dorzo na. Ho argument Nagrivadi fattlim tis-challis vorsam savn korit aileat. Romi lipi Purtugez vosnnukponnantlean (zaka Dilip Borkar ‘itihasik karonnam’ mhonnon ul’lekh korta) Gõyant bhitor sorli mhunn ti Gõychi ani Bharotachi nizachi lipi nhoi, oxem Nagrivadi fuddari aiz pasun mandtat. Punn Romi lipi Gõychea xirontoramnim khellta ani dekun hi lipi porkhi mhonn dakhoun divpak Nagrivadi fuddareank Romi lipik ani ti uzar kortolea lokank ‘dorzo na’ oxem sangchem poddta. Tantuntlean Romi monis lojek poddta, tankam aplech bhaxechi loz dista. Dekun Dilip Borkar jednam “...mhoje lagim jim hatborpam asat tim vachpa sarkim nant,” mhonn sobhemazar sangta, tednam to Romi mon’xeak ani kheritponnim tachea Gulab-achea vachpeak lojek ghalta.
            Romi-Nagricho vad bhaxecho ani dhormacho nhoi, ho vad kheritponnim zaticho zaun asa. Hem sot ami kednanch visrunk favo na. Oxem aslolea karonnak lagun, jedna Romi mon’xeak sangtat ki tachea borovpak ‘dorzo na’ mhonn ani to apli man lojen khala  ghalta, tedna ti loz zativadak lagun zata (caste-based humiliation). Nagri fuddari bamonnvadachim adorxam gheun fuddem choltat ani zori tor konnui hea adorxank ani totvank man’ diunk fattim sorta zalear taka Gõychem hok’kachem nagrikponn (citizenship rights) mellona. Dekunuch, Nagrivadi fuddareanchea mota pormonnem, Romi lipi Konknnichi ani Gõychi nizachi lipi nhoi oxem zata. Romi lipik aplem hok’kachem sthan mellonk addkholl yeta. Hakach lagun eka Romi mon’xean aple nizache hok’k magunk zainant. Dekunuch Dilip Borkar oxem mhonnta: “Ani prosn poddlo, he Romivale Romi lipi magtat te hiech Romi lipik kai? He Puroskar ani Inamam magtat te heach Romi sahityak kai? Toxem tor asot zalear he vhodd chuk kortat.”
            Dilip Borkaracho lekh vachlea uprant ami somzun gheunk zai, ki Nagrichim voklam lavun to Romi lipientle sonvskrutik pikavollicher aple vichar manddta mhunnon. Zoxem Bardezant vochun Kankonncho ganv sodop chukichem, toxench Nagrichea mapant ami Romichi udorgot mezop, hem-ui titlench chukichem. Romi ani Nagri veglli vortouta. Dilip Borkarachem oxir mon hatunt disun yeta.

Romi ani Moratthicho Ekchar
Kaim mhoine fattim jednam Pri. Pratap Naik-an Moratthivadeancho tenko gheunk pavl marlem tednam her Romivadi ani Nagrivadi thottakle. Ho ekvott chodd korun Nagri lipik ani fuddareank tras korpi zaun asa. Dilip Borkar jedna Romi ani Moratthichem sthan Rajbhas kaideant kitlem ani koxem aschem hacher bhasabhas korta, tedna to Nagrivadi fuddareanchi ek vhodd bhirant veokt korta. Tor bhaxechea rajkaronnachi poristhiti oxi asa: Nagri lipicho xek fattlea 25 vorsam savn cholot aila dekun Hindu bahujan ani Kristanv lok eka-mekacho adar gheunk xokonasle. Kristanv lokank Moratthichi bhirant dakhoun tankam Nagri lipiechea tabeant dovortale. Dekun Nagrivada add virud’dh korunk borench kottin zatalem.
            Hindu bahujan somaz zor tor Moratthi vatten asa, tachem karonn mhollear te adinch savn zanna asle ki Nagri Konknni mhollear tancher bamonnvadachem vojem zavn asa mhonn. Hatunt Hindu bahujan chidd’ddun vetole mhonn tankam bhes borem khobor aslem. Dilip Borkarak Kristanv ani Hindu bahujan somaz Nagrichea muttint urlolo zai, ani hakach lagun to mhonnta, “Hea lokam fattlean aiz Moratthi, Moratthi korpi lok nant. Tankam sot kollun ailam dekun Moratthi rajbhas korun Gõycho faido nam ani ti zali nam zalear Moratthichem luksann nam mhonnpachem uktem zalam. Ten’nam hem mel’lem moddem ustun kaddunk konnak xanneponn disonam. Tech pasot he konn je Moratthi rajbhas zai mhonnot xempddi boddoitat tankam aplem hem pixeponn mukhar vhorunk dusrea pixeancho adhar zai.”

            Dilip Borkar Moratthik ani Romi Konknnik ‘maim-bhas’ vo ‘avoy-bhas’ hea nodrentlean polleta. Oxem kelear Dilip Borkara vangddach ami-i chuktanv karonn, amchea jivitant amkam don vo tin bhasancho upeog korcho poddta. ‘Avoy/Maim-bhas’ mhollear amkam fokot ekuch bhaxechi puja korunk poddta. Atanchea sonvsarant hem xokeo na. Tor, Gõycho Hindu bahujan somaz Moratthichi magnni zori Konknni bhaxent korta zalear hatunt hanspa sarkhem kainch na. Hindu bahujan somaz zorui ghorant ani ganvant Konknni uloita, tor dhormik ani sonvskrutik karyavollimni Moratthicho upeog korta. Serkari nokreo melloun ghevpant tankam Moratthi bhas upkarta. Hindu bahujan somaz zor tor Moratthi uzar korta zalear taka veglloch orth asa, ani ho orth ‘Avoy/Maim-bhas’ gheun somzunk proyotn kelo zalear ami nirfoll zatoleanv.
            Toxench, Dilip Borkar mhonnta Hindu lok Moratthichea nanvan “dhondo” kortat, zalear Romivaleancho “[d]hondo cholta Inglezichea naddear.” Romi ani Moratthichi hok’kachi magnni durust korunk Dilip Borkar porot ‘loz’ hea hatiaracho vapor korta. Kristanv lok Inglez disallim chodd vachta hache voilean Dilip Borkarak “Romi Konknnink kitlo tenko asa ani tichi lokak kitli goroz asa tem gomun yeta.” Atam hanga loz koxe toren Dilip Borkar rigoita? To mhonnta, “Romichea nanvan arodd marpi sogle aplea bhurgeank Inglez xikoitat, tanche lagim Inglez katortat ani aplea ghorant sokall fuddem Inglez disallim haddtat. Vachunk konnak yeta ho prosn mhotvacho nhoi. Inglez bhas mon’xak status dita.”
Nagri lipichem ekuch disallem Sunaparant, khoinchea-i Romi vo Moratthi masik-disallea pasun komi khopta. Sunaparant fokot muttbhor lok vachta, zalear Nagrik Gõykarancho kitlo tenko asa oxem ami somzun gheupachem? Aplea bhurgeank kosli bhas vo bhaso xikouncheo ani tanche lagim kosle bhaxent ulounchem tem lok apleak zai te bhaxen korta. Ani ho lokancho odhikar zaun asa. Aiz Konknni zalear faleam Inglez ani porvam Purtugez, hatunt vaitt kainch na. Karonn, khoinchi bhas kednam ulouchi/borounchi ho soimik nhoi punn somajik poryai (choice) zaun asa. Konnak tor vachunk yena zalear to munis koslem-i khobram-potr viktem gheuncho na, vachunk yeta mhunnonuch to tem potr viktem gheta. Romi lipiechi magnni kelear her lipio ani bhaso ulounk, borounk, ani xikunk koslich addkholl nasta ani ami oslea ‘multi-lingual practices’-ank protsahon diunk chintpachi goroz asa. Nagrichea nanvan “arodd” marpi zaite fuddari tanchea natrank ani burgeank Inglezintlean xikoitat ani uloitat. Zaitea Gõychea lokank Inglez pottachi bhas zaun asa. Bhas hi pottak lagun upkarta hem Dilip Borkar kaim zageamni manun gheta, punn hea sotachem mhotv to somzun ghena. Anink ek gorjechi khobor mhollear, jedna lok aple bhaxek serkari manyotai magtat tednam tem fokot sonvskrutik nodrentlean vo avoy/maim-bhas tigoun dovrunk itleach karonnak lagon nhoi. Serkari sirvis, zomin hea oslea moladik vostuncho faido gheunk ap-apli bhas serkaran manun ghetli zalear khub sovlotio mellunk xoktat. Hantuntlean, rajki mollar boll ani zutt’tti (power) ek somuday zoddunk xokta, hem-ui ami visrunk favo na. Heo osleo gozali Dilip Borkar amkam sangona.
            Romi pattlavdaranchem mukhel magnnem asa tem mhollear, Romi lipiek Rajbhas Kaideant manachem sthan melloun divpachem. Tor hakach lagun Romi lipiek jedna Gõycho lok hok’k magta tedna Dilip Borkarachea mota pormonnem tem “pixeponn” ani osle lok pixe thartat. Romi lipiek Rajbhas Kaideant sthan divchem nhoi karonn “Gõyant Romi Konknni mhonn kherit bhas” na, oxem Dilip Borkarak dista. Hea dhoronnacher Dilip Borkar bariksannen vichar ani obheas korina. Romi Konknni fokot bhas-xastrachea (linguistics) nodrentleanuch nhoi, punn somajik, sonvskrutik, ani rajki nodrentlean veglli zaun asa. Khoreponnim ‘Konknni’ hi bhas Romi lipientleanuch upzolea, jivi urlea, ani aiz meren ful’lea. Mud’deachi dusri bazu mhollear, Nagri lipientli Konknni hi addechi rochna (artificial invention), Bomaim xarant 19vea xekddeant rochloli ani ji atam somest Gõykaranchea gollent ghalunk proyotn kortat.
            Rajki jivitant don vo tin veg-veglle gott (groups), eke machier ekttaim yevop, hi atanchea kallachi novidade nhoi. Medium of Instruction vadachea vellar Nagri borovpeamni Moratthivadeancho sohokar ghetlolo. Moratthivadi ani Nagrivadi ekech machier dislole. Tor aiz zori ami Romivadeank ani Moratthivadeank ekech machier polletanv zalear amkam koslench ojeap disonk favo na. Voilean ami choturponnan ani huxearkayen hea ekvottacho upeog korunk zai. Amkam Romi Konknni Rajbhas Andolon ani Moratthi Rajbhasa Andolan hea ekvottant soglem sarkem asa, oxem mhonnonk naka.  Moratthi zomeamni zaito zativad asa. Hindu bahujan ani unch-zaticho Hindu hea fuddem ek machier ekttaim yeunk xokta. Torui astanam hea  alliance’-acho faido Romi lokanim koso gheunk zata, Nagricho xek ani hukumxay koxe toren foddun uddounk zata, tem chintunk vachpeank ami suchoitanv.

Ek Lipi, Ek Bhas, Ek Somaz?
Romi borovpeank ani Romi mon’xeank tanchea borpavollichea dorjeachea nanvan lojek ghalunk Dilip Borkaracho sogleant mukhel hetu asa to Rajbhas Kaideant kosloch bodol na zavpant. Dekun to aplea lekhant oxem-i manun gheta: “Tori legit Romi lipintlean zannim Konknni tigoun dovorli tea lokancho ankddo khub vhoddlo asa. Tancheach naddear ami Konknnichim khub xim zoitam hatall’lim.” Punn Dilip Borkar itlench mhunnon ogi ravona ani fuddem mhonnta, “Punn tancho tenko Konknni bhaxek aslo. Nagri vo Romi lipik naslo.”
            Hea Rajbhas Kaideant tor bodol zalo na zalear Nagrivadachem ‘Ek Lipi, Ek Bhas, Ek Somaz’ hea chintpak boll mellta. Hem chintop Konknnicho ani Gõycho ekvott haddunk sodta. Zalear oslea chintpant vaitt kitem asa? Ami hea oslea chintpa pasun pois ravunk zai karonn hea chintpant fokot ekech toreche bhaxek, bolik, ani lipiek suvat asa. Hea chintpant vividhtayek kosloch zago na. Fuddem, jedna ‘ek bhas...ek somaz’ oxem konnui udgarta, zalear tacho orth, zanna zaun vo nennarponnan, sogleanim Hindu dhormachea ani sonvskrutichea khala yeunchem oso zata. Amkam hanga Dilip Borkar sogle Kristanv Hindu zanvche oxem mhonnta mhonn ami sangunk sodinant. Punn jedna to “...ek bhas mukhar vhortolo zalear soglleant adim bhaxecher kherit bhor divpachi goroz asa, lipicher nhoi. Punn amchem chol’lam tem rajkaronn bhaxechea nanvan ani lipichea nanvan. Haka lagun amchi Konknni bhas marun uddoitole ani amche modem Gõykar mhunn zo ekchar aslo taka ver vochun dhormik futt poddpachi bhirant upraslia,” oxem mhonnta tedna to Hindu sonvskrutichea khal ekttaim yevop, hea totvak, eke bhaxen, bollixtt korta.

            Ek Lipi, Ek Bhas...ani Ek Dhorm, hea totvak zori ami dhorun vetanv zalear, Romichea boreponna vixim amchem kitlem-i mon borem asum, tem kednanch lipivad kobar korunk pavchena. Dilip Borkarak dista ki Romi borovpeank tanchea odhikaram pasun pois konnech dovorche nhoi mhunn. Torui astanam matxe fuddem to him utram boroita: “Punn zô meren Gõyant Moratthi [ani] Romi asat tankam...favo tio gozali diunk zai, soddun rajbhaxecho patt.” Romi borovpeank ani lokank tanche odhikar diupant zori Dilip Borkarak kainch oddchonn na zalear Rajbhas Kaido bodolchoch poddtolo, karann Romi pattlavdarank poilem mukhelponnan zai tem mhollear Romi lipiek Rajbhas Kaideant manachi suvat. Romi lipiek man zai, dan naka. Rajbhas Kaideant Romi lipiecho aspav ani borpavollik inamam him Romi borovpeanche ani lokanche hok’k, je Nagrivadi aplea tabeant korun asat. Dekun Dilip Borkar oxem mhunnonk xokta: “Tech pasot mhaka fokot Romintlean borovpiank kherit puroskar divop man’ya nam. Zaka jie lipint boroin dista tannem tie lipint boroum di. Ti lipi Nagri asum, Romi asum, Molyallom vo Kon’nodd asum. Punn puroskaracho vichear Konknni mhunn zauncho. Tantuntlea puroskarak man astolo.” Oxem asa zalear, fattlea 25 odik vorsam Nagri borovpeanim, Romi kuxik dovrun, apleach bhitor puroskar vo awards vanttun khale taka ami kitem mhonnpachem? Taka koslo man asa? Dilip Borkaran hacher vichar korcho.

Xevott
Dilip Borkarachea hea lekhant khupuch guspagonddoll asa. Ho lekh tannem Konknnichea hitak lagon boroilolo na, punn bamonnvadachim totvam Romi ani Konknni mogianchea golleant ghalunk boroila. Romi lipient ani bhov korun tiatrank ani tiatristank lagon Konknni jivi urlea. Konknni bhaxecho pormoll kantarantlean sonvsarantlea chearui vattamnim posorla. Haka lagon Dilip Borkar jedna tiatr boroitoleanchim fokannam korta, tanchea borpavollik unnak lekta tedna to fokot tea borovpeanchinch fokannam korina punn somest Romi vapuddtolea lokank to hansta. Romi mon’xean ek ghott motint dhorchem: tankam Nagri lipientlea addechea sahityachi goroz na, nam mhunn tankam Nagri fuddareanchi koslich goroz asa. Romi lipiek ani Romi uzar kortolea mon’xean Gõychea sonvskrutik mollar aplem kherit sthan toyar korunk zai. Romi bhaxecho zago ani chaltea jivitant koslo upeog ascho hacher gombhirtayen niyall korunk zai. Nagri lipiechea khal ekvott zoddunk gele zalear Romi lipiechem ani Romi mon’xeachem khaxeleponn noxtt zatolem. Hem sot ami visrunk favo na.

(Ho lekh uzvaddak aila, Gulab, Febrer 2014, panam 3, 4, ani 53)

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